Malacca

HISTORY

Malacca, one of the nation’s smallest states, packs an abundance of rich history and experiences for the locals and visiting tourists. Firstly it is one of the premier living historical cities of Asia. ...Continue

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SOCIAL AND CULTURAL

Despite its famous past, the city has experienced slow growth since independence, being overshadowed by other states and the loss of its educated young to better employment prospects mainly in Singapore and Kuala Lumpur. ...Continue

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ECONOMY AND BUSINESS

During the era of the early Malacca Sultanate, the city had prospered as a successful entrepôt ranking with the top port cities of the world. When the European conquest began in the late 15 and 16 centuries, Malacca had developed into a cosmopolitan city. The arrival of Chinese traders and labour during that period and initial European colonisation saw a large boost to the port’s sea trade based economy

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KOPITIAM AND EATERIES

Donald and Lily’s

Ground Floor, No. 16, Jln KSB 1, Taman Kota Shah Bandar, 75200, Melaka

+6 012-292 3157


Nyonya Makko Restaurant

123, Jalan Merdeka, Taman Melaka Raya, 75000 Melaka

+6 06-284 0737


Nancy’s Kitchen

No 13, Jalan KL 3/8, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka

+6 06-283 6099

 

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SHOPPING

No. Shopping malls/plazas Address & Contact
1. Freeport A’Famosa Outlet Address: Jalan Kemus / Sempang Ampat, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka

06-552 8961

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TOURIST ATTRACTIONS AND PLACES

No. Tourist attractions and places Address & Contact
1. A Famosa Address: Jalan Parameswara, Bandar Hilir, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka

06-231 4343

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PERSONALITIES AND CELEBRITIES

HALL OF FAME

PROMINENT HOMETOWN FIGURES

Tan Cheng Lock Politician
Abdullah Abdul Kadir Writer
A. Samad Said Writer
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  • HISTORY

    Colonial houses, strait of Malacca

    According to legend, Malacca was founded c.1400 by a Hindu prince named Parameswara originally from Palembang, Sumatra. After his territory came under attack from Majapahit forces, Parameswara fled to Temasek island, which is an older name for Singapore.

    From Temasek, Parameswara made his way north up the coast of the Malay peninsula. At one rest stop when sitting under a tree,  he saw a mouse deer kick his hunting dogs into the river. The tree under which Parameswara had rested was the Pokok Melaka. Encouraged by the courage of the deer and seeing it as an omen of the weak being able to overcome the powerful, he decided to set up his settlement there.

    The formidable mouse deer was seen to be a good omen not only by Parameswara but by his successors. Today Malacca’s official coat-of-arms has a pair of mouse deer flanking its shield.

    Going by the standard official historical narrative, Parameswara converted to Islam after some years in Malacca and took the Muslim name Iskandar Shah. Thus was established in 1414 the illustrious Malacca Sultanate considered as the foundation stone of Malay-Muslim civilization.

    A sultan sitting on the throne of Malacca paved the path for the concept daulat Melayu (kingship of Malay rulers). This ’Alam Melayu’ realm enjoyed a golden age during the reign of the Malacca Sultans and reached its pinnacle under Sultan Mansur Shah (1459–1477). Mansur Shah was said to have taken a Chinese princess Hang Li Po as his wife although this story could well be merely apocryphal.

    What’s factual is that Malacca had established contact with China’s Ming dynasty through Chinese-Muslim explorer Cheng Ho (pinyin spelling Zheng He) who made multiple sea voyages to Malacca in 1405, 1409, 1413, 1416 and 1430. On these expeditions, Admiral Zheng He brought along large numbers of Chinese Muslims whom he left behind in Malacca.

    Admiral Zheng He also transported Parameswara and the latter’s royal entourage in his Chinese armada of ships to the Middle Kingdom. Parameswara was welcomed by the Ming court to pay tribute to Emperor Yung-Lo in 1411 following which the new Malay kingdom appears to have received Chinese protection from attacks by Siam and Majapahit.

    During its heyday, Malacca was a bustling multicultural port city where Chinese merchants and Indian, Arab and Persian traders all came to establish their trading bases. In fact some accounts place it as among the greatest ports in the world in the late 15 century.

    The Portuguese and other Europeans also were drawn to the wealth of Malacca but they came to conquer. Portugal at that time was a seafaring colonial empire. Its naval fleet under the command of crusading general Alfonso de Albuquerque arrived in July 1511 and seized Malacca through their superior firepower.

    Following their conquest, garrisons of Portuguese soldiers built the A’Famosa fort strategically on a hill. The Malacca royals went into exile and their bloodline became the Malay ruling dynasties of Johor and Perak.

    The oriental red building in Melaka, Malacca, Malaysia.

    In 1641, the Dutch East India Company or Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) captured Malacca from the Portuguese. The VOC ruled over Malacca until 1795.

    The British East India Company (EIC) in turn occupied Malacca from 1795 to 1818. As a result of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 signed between Britain and Holland, the British took control of Malacca as a crown colony while at the same time ceding parts of Sumatra and Java to the Dutch VOC.

    In 1826, Malacca together with Penang and Singapore formed the British Straits Settlements.

    Malacca together with Penang became part of the Malayan Union on 1 April 1946 which later became the Federation of Malaya on 1 February 1948. The declaration of independence was made by the first Prime Minister of Malaya, Tunku Abdul Rahman, at Padang Pahlawan in the town on 20 February 1956.

    Malacca’s diverse and cosmopolitan history today is reflected in its many period buildings at the center of the city. Malacca was declared a historical city on 15 April 1989. Since 2008, Malacca’s old city has been placed on the list of Unesco world heritage sites.

  • SOCIAL AND CULTURAL

    Cultural Museum of Malacca Sultanate Palace

    Despite its famous past, the city has experienced slow growth since independence, being overshadowed by other states and the loss of its educated young to better employment prospects mainly in Singapore and Kuala Lumpur.

    The Malaysian Census in 2010 reported the population of Malacca City at 484,885. Malays comprised the majority with 273,844, followed by Chinese with 158,828, Indian with 20,310 and others totalling 9,732. 22,171 were identified as non-Malaysian citizens. Due to interracial marriages since the era of the Malacca Sultanate, the city community has distinctive ethnic mixtures of Baba Nyonya, Chitty and Kristang peoples.

    Chinese Temple Malacca

    The majority of the Malays are Muslims, and the Chinese and Peranakan are practising Buddhist, Confucianist, Taoist or followers of Chinese folk religions and atheists. The Indians, including the Chitty, are mainly Hindus while the Kristang are mostly Christian.

    The Baba Nyonya are Straits-born Chinese, who have resided for generations and intermarried with the local Malay women. They adopted the local culture and the Malay language as part of their lives while at the same time preserving some Chinese heritage.

    Church of St. Francis Malacca

    The Chitty are also a mixture of Indian traders with local women of various ethnic backgrounds such as Chinese, Javanese, Bataks and Malays. The Kristang are a result of marriage between European Portuguese men and Malay women during and after the era of Portuguese Malacca.

  • ECONOMY AND BUSINESS

    Malacca Maritime Museum replica of the ‘Flora de La Mar’ a Portuguese ship that sank off the coast of Melaka

    During the era of the early Malacca Sultanate, the city had prospered as a successful entrepôt ranking with the top port cities of the world. When the European conquest began in the late 15 and 16 centuries, Malacca had developed into a cosmopolitan city. The arrival of Chinese traders and labour during that period and initial European colonisation saw a large boost to the port’s sea trade based economy.

    However the later British focus on Singapore and the tin and rubber industries in the Malay states in the 19th and 20th centuries saw a decline in the economic fortunes of the settlement, leading it to be labelled as a “sleepy hollow” by locals until recently.

    Despite continuing outflow of its well educated younger population, the advent of the era of international tourism in the last few decades has been an economic game changer attracting many local and foreign tourists to visit the city and to buttress the state economy which previously was dependent on income from the primary commodity production of rubber and other agriculture.

    Lately too the town has benefited from the ripple effects of national economic development. Although not experiencing the same pace of growth as neighbouring west coast states Malacca state and city today has a full range of light industrial, hospitality, education and service oriented businesses, besides being a favoured center for numerous national, regional and international conferences, congresses and trade fairs.

    Malacca River

    The Melaka Gateway is a project under construction involving the development of one natural and two man-made islands off the coast which will feature an international cruise terminal and aid water transport in the city. An international shipping port is also planned to be built as part of China’s Maritime Silk Route economic belt.

  • KOPITIAM AND EATERIES

    Donald and Lily’s

    Ground Floor, No. 16, Jln KSB 1, Taman Kota Shah Bandar, 75200, Melaka

    +6 012-292 3157


    Nyonya Makko Restaurant

    123, Jalan Merdeka, Taman Melaka Raya, 75000 Melaka

    +6 06-284 0737


    Nancy’s Kitchen

    No 13, Jalan KL 3/8, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka

    +6 06-283 6099


    Amy Heritage Nyonya Cuisine

    75, Jalan Melaka Raya 24, Taman Melaka Raya, 75000 Melaka

    +6 06-286 8819


    Jonker 88

    88, Jalan Hang Jebat, 75200 Melaka

    +6 019-397 5665


    Kedai Kopi Juat Lye

    371G Taman Peringgit Jaya, 75400, Bandar Melaka, Melaka

    +6 06-325 3506


    Cottage Spices Restaurant

    171, Jalan Merdeka, Taman Melaka Raya, 75000 Melaka

    +6 019-667 9797


    The Daily Fix Cafe

    55, Jalan Hang Jebat, 75200 Melaka

    +6 013-290 6855


    Hard Rock Cafe Malacca

    28, Lorong Hang Jebat, 75200 Melaka

    +6 06-292 5188


    The Baboon House

    89, Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock, Kampung Bukit China, 75200 Melaka

    +6 012-601 0363


    Putu Piring Tengkera

    252, Jalan Tengkera, 75200 Melaka

    +6 06-282 1505


    Klebang Coconut Shake

    Lot 130, Solok Kampung Bahagia, 75200 Klebang Besar, Malacca

    +6 013-399 4061


    Aunty Koh Cendol

    5113, Jalan Batang Tiga, Kampung Bukit Rambai, 75250 Bukit Rambai, Melaka

    +6 016-366 2637


    Baba Charlie Lee (Nyanya Kueh)

    72, Lorong Tengkera Pantai 2c, Kampung Tengkera Pantai Dua, 75200 Melaka

    +6 019-666 2907


    Sun May Hiong Satay House

    50/52, Jalan Kota Laksamana 1/1, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka

    +6 06-281 7281


    Restoran Tong Sheng

    No. 377 & 378, Taman Melaka Raya, 75000 Melaka

    +6 016-776 7811


    Heng Hong Tin Kee Restaurant

    62, Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock, Kampung Empat, 75200 Melaka

    +6 06-282 2172


    Pak Putra Tandoori & Naan Restaurant

    56 & 58, Jalan 4, Taman Kota Laksamana, 75200 Melaka

    +6 012-601 5876


    East & West Rendezvous

    52, Lorong Hang Jebat, 75200 Melaka

    +6 016-634 6283


    Hoe Kee Chicken Rice

    468, Jalan Hang Jebat, 75200 Melaka

    +6 06-283 4751


    Heng Hong Tin Kee Restaurant

    62, Jalan Tengkera, 75200 Melaka

    +6 06- 2822 172


    Ho Kee Chicken Rice

    4-6-8 Jalan Hang Jebat, 75200 Melaka

    +6 06- 2834 751


    Capitol Satay

    41, Lorong Bukit Cina, 75100 Melaka

    +6 06-283 5508


    Mei Sin Cafe

    No. 154, Jalan Bunga Raya, 75100 Melaka

    +6 06- 281 7282


    Hing Loong Noodle Restaurant

    No. 11-J Jalan Bachang, 75350 Melaka

    +6 06- 284 2529


    Hainamko Chicken Rice

    No. 90 Jalan Bendahara, 75100 Melaka

    +6 06- 286 0111

  • SHOPPING

    No. Shopping malls/plazas Address & Contact
    1. Freeport A’Famosa Outlet Address: Jalan Kemus / Sempang Ampat, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka

    06-552 8961

    2. ÆON Mall Melaka (Ayer Keroh) Address: Lebuh Ayer Keroh, 75450 Melaka

    06-233 2988

    3. ÆON Mall Bandaraya Melaka Address: 2, Jalan Lagenda, Taman 1 Lagenda, 75400 Melaka

    06-281 6398

    4. Dataran Pahlawan Melaka Megamall Address: Jalan Merdeka, Bandar Hilir, 75000 Melaka

    06-283 2828

    5. Elements Mall Malacca Address: Jalan Melaka Raya 23, Hatten City, 75000 Melaka

    017-981 3966

    6. Hang Tuah Plaza Address: Jalan Hang Tuah, 75300 Melaka

    06-281 1081

    7. Hatten Square Address: Hatten Square, Jalan Merdeka, Taman Costa Mahkota, 75000 Malacca

    06-282 1828

    8. Mahkota Parade Address: No.1, G74 Mahkota Parade, Jalan Merdeka, 75000, Malacca

    06-282 7320

    9. Melaka Mall Address: Lebuh Ayer Keroh, 75450 Melaka

    017-399 0833

    10. Soon Seng Plaza Address: Jalan Tun Ali, 75300 Melaka

    06-283 6295

    11. Terminal Pahlawan (Melaka wholesale city) Address: 105, Jalan Merdeka, Taman Melaka Raya, 75000 Melaka
    12. The Shore Shopping Gallery Address: 193, Pinggiran @ Sungai Melaka, Jalan Persisiran Bunga Raya, Kampung Bunga Paya Pantai, 75100, Melaka

    06-288 3398

  • TOURIST ATTRACTIONS AND PLACES

    24 Lorong Hang Jebat Malacca

    No. Tourist attractions and places Address & Contact
    1. A’ Famosa Address: Jalan Parameswara, Bandar Hilir, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka

    06-231 4343

    2. Bastion Middleburg Address: Bandar Hilir, 75200 Malacca
    3. Hang Li Poh’s Well Jalan Puteri Hang Li Poh, Kampung Bukit China, 75100

    06-283 6538

    4. Church of Saint Paul, Malacca Jalan Kota, Bandar Hilir, 75000 Melaka
    5. Saint John’s Fort Jalan Ujong Pasir, 75000

    06-288 3599

    6. Stadthuys Construction started: 1888

    Function: Museum

    Town or city: Malacca

    Architect: Maurice Cameron

    7. Gallery of Admiral Cheng Ho Address: Jalan Kota, Bandar Hilir, 75000 Melaka

    06-284 1934

    8. Macau Gallery (Melaka Chief Minister’s Gallery) Address: Jalan Pantai Peringgit, 75400 Melaka

    Opened: 2006

    Hours:

    Open ⋅ Closes 5PM

    Phone: 06-286 6070

    9. Malacca Art Gallery Address: Jalan Laksamana, Bandar Hilir, 75000 Melaka

    06-284 1934

    10. House of Museums Malacca 82, Lorong Hang Jebat, 75200 Melaka

    019-269 9569

  • PERSONALITIES AND CELEBRITIES

    PROMINENT HOMETOWN FIGURES

    Tan Cheng Lock Politician
    Abdullah Abdul Kadir Writer
    A. Samad Said Writer
    Tian Chua Politician
    Liow Tiong Lai Politician
    Goh Liu Ying Badminton
    Soh Chin Aun (Alor Gajah) Soccer
    Lim Teong Kim Soccer
    Rabuan Pit Athletics
    Shirley Geok-lin Lim Academic
    Ee Tiang Hong Poet
    Devan Nair Politician
    Tan Siew Sin Politician
    Khairul Hafiz Jantan Athletics
    Ghafar Baba Politician
    Mohd Nasir Hashim Politician
    Liow Tiong Lai (Jasin) Politician
    M.K. Rajakumar Activist
    Clancy Ang Body Builder
    Yang Siow Meng Hockey Player
    Richard Choe Footballer
    Koh Hock Seng Hockey Player
    Gan Boon Leong Body Builder